Significant Others Can Influence Extreme Dieting

Binge eating among women was nearly doubled if their significant other encouraged dieting very much (25.5 percent) compared to not at all (13.6 percent). Overall, more than 40 percent of the people surveyed had used extreme diet tactics in the past year, which were more common among women (51.2 percent) than men (29.9 percent) Clinical psychologist Jennifer McClure, Ph.D., associate director of research, facultyand development at Group Health Research Institute, who was not associated with the study, commented that young adults eating habits are influenced both positively and negatively by significant others as a result of so-called modeling or peer pressure. In modeling, people make decisions about how to act based on their observation of others behaviors. With peer pressure, they change their behavior because they feel it is expected of them, McClure explained. Both of these can be powerful incentives for behavior change. There are ways that significant others can best approach weight issues with their partners, said lead author Marla Eisenberg, Sc.D., of the department of pediatrics at the University of Minnesota. “If someone is genuinely concerned about a loved ones weight, the recommendation is to discuss it emphasizing health rather than appearance, and focusing on adopting a healthier lifestyle long-term rather than dieting, she said. Families or couples can also address weight issues by engaging in healthier behaviors together to avoid isolating and stigmatizing one member of the family as having the problem, Eisenberg continued.

Hiding temptations in dieting backed by brain scans

Giving in to a sweet tooth is one manifestation of struggles with self-control.

“Struggles with self-control pervade daily life and characterize an array of dysfunctional behaviours, including addiction, overeating, overspending and procrastination,” Molly Crockett, a postdoctoral fellow at University College London, and her co-authors said in today’s issue of the journal Neuron. Giving in to a sweet tooth is one manifestation of struggles with self-control. (Toby Melville/Reuters) “Our research suggests that the most effective way to beat temptations is to avoid facing them in the first place,” she said in a release. In the experiment, researchers studied 58 healthy heterosexual males in Cambridge and 20 in Amsterdam. Investigators used functional MRI as part of the study of self-control to explore the neural mechanisms involved. At the beginning of the trial, participants were shown a series of 400 images of women in lingerie or swimwear and were asked to rank them on a scale of zero to 10 on how enjoyable they were. Each man’s preferences were then used to present small, short-term rewards or a large reward after a delay. Small rewards were mildly enjoyable erotic pictures and large rewards were extremely enjoyable ones. (The scientists said they could not use money, for example, since subjects could only reap the rewards of money once they left the lab. Food rewards like juice could interfere with the MRI readings.) During some of the trials, the small reward was continuously available, and subjects had to exert willpower to resist choosing it until the large reward became available.

Mark Munoz Talks Dieting With RM Sports, Exclusive Video

Munoz, a former wrestling standout, battled weight-gain and depression last year following a loss to Chris Weidman, the new UFC middleweight champion. He has been rumored for a meeting with Michael Bisping later this year.

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